Science & Technology Studies
EASST has launched its own international, peer reviewed, online journal Science & Technology Studies.
In response to the steady growth of our field EASST wishes to create a new strong international journal, which is also delivered as a membership benefit to members. The journal is a development of Science Studies, which has a 25 volume history of internationally peer-reviewed publications. The journal is under review to be included in social science citation index (SSCI) and has increased its number of issues to three in 2013 and will target four issues per year in the near future.
EASST members (and other subscribers) will have exclusive access to each new issue for a 4 month period. Members will receive an email with access details. All older content is open access – a principle of scientific publishing EASST wishes to endorse.
The journal has its own website at www.sciencetechnologystudies.org
Latest Issue: Science & Technology Studies: Volume 26 (3) 2013
- Guest Editorial
Antti Silvast, Hannu Hänninen and Sampsa Hyysalo: Energy in Society: Energy Systems and Infrastructures in Society
- Les Levidow, Theo Papaioannou and Alexander Borda-Rodriguez: Innovation Priorities for UK Bioenergy: Technological Expectations within Path Dependence (see abstract)
- Armi Temmes, Rami-Samuli Räsänen, Jenny Rinkinen and Raimo Lovio: The Emergence of Niche Protection through Policies: The Case of Electric Vehicles Field in Finland (see abstract)
- Mads Dahl Gjefsen: Carbon Cultures: Technology Planning for Energy and Climate in the US and EU (see abstract)
- Lea Schick and Brit Ross Winthereik: Innovating Relations – or Why Smart Grid is not too Complex for the Public (see abstract)
- James Mittra: Repairing the ‘Broken Middle’ of the Health Innovation Pathway: Exploring Diverse Practitioner Perspectives on the Emergence and Role of ‘Translational Medicine’ (see abstract)
Innovation Priorities for UK Bioenergy: Technological Expectations within Path Dependence
Les Levidow, Theo Papaioannou and Alexander Borda-Rodriguez
UK bioenergy innovation pathways have been locked into current energy infrastructure through technological expectations, especially the reciprocal requirements of state bodies and industry. Over the past decade UK policy has given bioenergy an increasingly important role for decarbonising the energy system; technoscientific innovation has been expected to expand the range of biomass that can be sustainably converted to energy. Needing industry investment to fulfil its policy aims, the UK government has faced requirements to provide long-term support measures. Innovation priorities have been shaped by policy arrangements closely involving industry with state bodies. Their expectations for future benefits have mobilised resources for bioenergy innovation mainly as input-substitutes within current energy infrastructural patterns; novel path creation lies within a path dependence. Although technical progress has encountered difficulties and long delays, expectations for economic and environmental benefits have built support, while conflating national benefits with private-sector interests. Through such expectations, innovation priorities wishfully enact some desired futures from among those which had been advocated in policy documents.
Keywords: Technological expectations, path dependence, energy infrastructure
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The Emergence of Niche Protection through Policies: The Case of Electric Vehicles Field in Finland
Armi Temmes, Rami-Samuli Räsänen, Jenny Rinkinen and Raimo Lovio
The literature of Strategic Niche Management has rarely discussed how the SNM policies come to amend the existing policies. Through an in-depth study on the development of electric vehicles field in Finland, we show, firstly, how niche actors mobilize protection by policies for their technology through systematic expectations work, and, secondly, how the politicians strategically select technologies to be protected. By zooming in on the emergence and impact of two major policy initiatives, we show that systematic expectations work is characterized by the credibility of enactors and expectations, as well as systematic advocacy and publicity work. We contribute to the SNM literature by showing how policy actions develop through systematic expectations work, as well as continued interaction between enactors and selectors within well-functioning public-private arenas.
Keywords: Electric vehicles, strategic niche management, expectations
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Carbon Cultures: Technology Planning for Energy and Climate in the US and EU
Mads Dahl Gjefsen
Emerging technologies are not simply pursued out of economic interests, but also on the basis of assumptions about the societies and publics that technologies will serve. This paper compares how carbon dioxide capture and storage – a technology for sustainable energy generation – has been supported in the United States and European Union over the last decade. Distinct land ownership laws and market structures have helped legitimate different groups of actors as stakeholders in the technology, and CO2 has been redefined in relation to different policy narratives and legal ontologies in the two sites. Climate change mitigation might appear to depend on international cooperation founded on a shared epistemic basis. However, this article suggests that mitigation options should not simply be assessed as functions of technical qualities, but also be understood in relation to how political actors articulate and pursue the societal implications of technological futures.
Keywords: Climate change, comparative policy, co-production
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Innovating Relations – or Why Smart Grid is not too Complex for the Public
Lea Schick and Brit Ross Winthereik
Revamping the electricity infrastructure to allow for an increased usage of renewable energy sources is a matter of concern in many parts of the world. In Europe, a major policy question is how to move energy demand to periods with surplus of renewable energy in the grid. In this paper we follow prominent Danish and German delegates working towards realizing the intelligent electricity infrastructure commonly known as ‘smart grid’ envisioned to be a significant actor in the management of renewable energy. Starting out with a view on smart grid that recognizes it as a partially existing object, we attend to its gradual emergence by focusing on two models and a metaphor evoked to represent smart grid development. As we contrast and compare these representational objects, smart grid emerges as a potential ‘thing’. Following Latour a ‘thing’ is a gathering of many actors agreeing and disagreeing about what the thing ‘is’ (its ontological status). In the paper we show how smart grid innovation both emerges – and fails to emerge – as an object of relevance to a broader public. Even though users play an important role in the imagination of experts, a gap remains between the experts and those who smart electricity infrastructures will come to affect. Concerned with this gap we argue that Science and Technology Studies must pay attention to how smart grid development gets constructed as a public problem in specific imaginative spaces of opportunity and closure.
Keywords: Smart grid, innovation, public problems
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Repairing the ‘Broken Middle’ of the Health Innovation Pathway: Exploring Diverse Practitioner Perspectives on the Emergence and Role of ‘Translational Medicine’
The emergence of Translational Medicine (TM) as a potential solution to health innovation challenges has gained currency in scientific, clinical and policy discourses. Using interview data from key professionals involved in TM, this article explores diverse practitioner definitions and the multiple meanings ascribed to TM in the context of a purportedly broken R&D system and promissory visions and expectations built around new life science. It also begins to address some of the transformative impacts of TM on the broader institutional landscape for life science innovation, particularly the changes in traditional institutional boundaries. I conclude that in light of the multiple framings of TM, it might best be conceived as an institutional mechanism or process for co-ordinating multiple actors and complex activities in the new collaborative research and development contexts now demanded of the life sciences.
Keywords: Translational Medicine, R&D, innovation
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Previous Issues: Science & Technology Studies:
Volume 26 (2) 2013
- Pernille Bjørn and Randi Markussen: Cyborg Heart: The Affective Apparatus of Bodily Production of ICD Patients
- Attila Bruni and Carlo Rizzi: Looking for Data in Diabetes Healthcare: Patient 2.0 and the Re-engineering of Clinical Encounters
- Henriette Langstrup, Louise Bagger Iversen, Signe Vind and Thomas Lunn Erstad: The Virtual Clinical Encounter: Emplacing Patient 2.0 in Emerging Care Infrastructures
- Annegrete Juul Nielsen and Casper Bruun Jensen: Travelling Frictions: Global Disease Self-Management, Local Comparisons and Emergent Patients
- Jeannette Pols: The Patient 2.Many: About Diseases that Remain and the Different Forms of Knowledge to Live with them
Volume 26 (1) 2013
- Anders Blok: Urban Green Assemblages: An ANT View on Sustainable City Building Projects
- Sampsa Hyysalo, Jouni K. Juntunen and Stephanie Freeman: Internet Forums and the Rise of the Inventive Energy User
- Torun Granstrom Ekeland and Britt Kramvig: Negotiating Terrains: Stories from the Making of “Siida”
- Kai Eriksson: Innovation and the Vocabulary of Governance
- Adrijana Šuljok and Marija Brajdić Vuković: How the Croatian Daily Press Presents Science News
Volume 25 (2) 2012
- Céline Granjou and Isabelle Mauz: Expert Activities as Part of Research Work: The Example of Biodiversity Studies
- Séverine Louvel: The ‘Industrialization’ of Doctoral Training? A Study of the Experiences of Doctoral Students and Supervisors in the French Life Sciences
- Ericka Johnson and Cecilia Åsberg: Enrolling Men, their Doctors, and Partners: Individual and Collective Responses to Erectile Dysfunction
- Sarah Parry, Wendy Faulkner, Sarah Cunningham-Burley and Nicola J. Marks: Heterogeneous Agendas around Public Engagement in Stem Cell Research: The Case for Maintaining Plasticity