S&TS journal

Science & Technology Studies


EASST launched its own international, peer reviewed, online journal Science & Technology Studies in 2012.

In response to the steady growth of our field EASST wishes to create a new strong international journal which benefits its members and the wider STS community. The journal is a development of Science Studies, which has a 25 volume history of internationally peer-reviewed publications. The journal is under review to be included in social science citation index (SSCI).

From 2016 the journal has increased its number of issues to four.  These will appear in February, May, September and December.

From 2017 Science & Technology Studies will be a fully open access journal. EASST continues to provide financial support to the journal. EASST is proud to support a flagship open access journal for the whole STS community which is independent of commercial publishing houses.

All issues can be found on the journal’s own website at www.sciencetechnologystudies.org


Latest Issue: Science & Technology Studies: Volume 31 (4) 2018 | Special Issue: Numbering, Numbers and After Numbers

Guest Editorial
Ingmar Lippert and Helen Verran
After Numbers? Innovations in Science and Technology Studies’ Analytics of Numbers and Numbering

Articles
  • Daniel Neyland
    Something and Nothing: On Undoing the Algorithm, Deletion, Accountability and Value(see abstract)
  • Martina Klausner
    Calculating Therapeutic Compliance: An Ethnographic Account of Numerical Inference and Interference in Mobile Health Care (see abstract)
  • Ingmar Lippert
    On Not Muddling Lunches and Flights: Narrating a Number, Qualculation, and Ontologising Troubles (see abstract)
  • Tjitske Holtrop
    6.15%: Taking Numbers at Interface Value (see abstract)
  • Radhika Gorur
    Escaping Numbers?: Intimate Accounting and the challenge to numbers in Australia’s ‘Education Revolution’ (see abstract)
  • Catelijne Coopmans
    Respect for Numbers: Lively Forms and Accountable Engaging in Multiple Registers of STS (see abstract)

    Reviews
  • Adrian MacKenzie (2017) Archaeology of a Data Practice. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 252 pages. ISBN: 978-1-5179-0064-9
    Martina Klausner
  • Song Dongs’s Exhibition ‘Collaborations’, 01.09-31.10.2017, Kunsthal Aarhus, Denmark
    Kasper Ostrowski

Abstracts

Something and Nothing: On Undoing the Algorithm, Deletion, Accountability and
Value

Daniel Neyland
This paper draws on a three year ethnographic study of the development of an algorithmic
surveillance system. It explores ways of understanding the doing and undoing, something and nothing of algorithmic video analytics. The paper pursues a means for engaging with something and nothing by initially drawing on treatments of calculation and qualculation to explore doing. It then seeks to broaden out qualculation by drawing in distinct provocations – blank figures and motility – to engage with forms of undoing. The paper uses the ethnographic study of the algorithmic surveillance system as a means to reflect on the analytic utility of this approach. The conclusion considers three points on something and nothing that this project generated and that could be developed further in future research.
Keywords: algorithms, deletion, value, accountability
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Calculating Therapeutic Compliance: An Ethnographic Account of Numerical Inference and Interference in Mobile Health Care
Martina Klausner
This article discusses calculation practices in the development of a monitoring device, aimed at improving therapeutic compliance of children and teenagers suffering from a deformation of the spine. In managing the complexities of physical parameters, therapeutic measures, and interventions in everyday life, numbers are central participants in inferring from and interfering with bodies and behaviours. Numbers constitute the input and output of such monitoring systems, translating, circulating, and visualizing physical conditions and therapeutic effects, as well as suggesting action. This generative process of capturing and interpreting data has at the core algorithms, which process dataand provide seemingly unambiguous numerical outcomes, based on mathematical and technological means of processing information. Attending to the incremental process of “learning algorithms” as a central feature of the system’s development allows me to describe the robustness of certain modes of inference. Over and above using a specific case as an example for computer-based numerical inference and interference, this article attempts to probe and complement two theoretical approaches to the numerical management of complexity: Helen Verran’s (e.g., 2001, 2010, 2013) focus on numbers’ performative properties and the potential tensions arising from divergent numerical orderings, and Paul Kockelman’s (e.g., 2013a, 2013b,) sieving of inferential and indexical chains along the generation of meaning and ontological transformativities.
Keywords: monitoring systems, numerical inference, ontic tensions, ontological transformativities, algorithmic processing, (non-)compliance
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On Not Muddling Lunches and Flights: Narrating a Number, Qualculation, and Ontologising Troubles
Ingmar Lippert
Calculating and making public carbon footprints is becoming self-evident for multinational corporations. Drawing on ethnographic data I narrate of the calculative routine practices involved in that process. The narration shows how routine yet sophisticated mathematical transformations are involved in retrieving salient information, and second that mathematical consistency is readily interrupted by ‘dirty data’. Such interruptions call for opportunistic data management in devising work-arounds, which effect enough mathematical coherence for the number to hold together. Foregrounding an episode of calculative data retrieval, interruption and work-around contrivance, I employ it to make a comparative reading of two STS analytics, arguing: whereas Callon and Law’s (2005) analytic technique of qualculation reveals the episode of data management and work around contrivance as a teleologically oriented process that manages to bridge mathematical inconsistency, Verran’s technique of ontologising troubles enables us to recognise how a number-as-network configures its particular kind of certainty and coherence, how it sticks.
Keywords: calculation, number, ontics, ontology, qualculation, empirical Philosophy
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6.15%: Taking Numbers at Interface Value
Tjitske Holtrop
This article discusses a number, 6.15%, as it comes into being in the course of an evaluation study of education in a southern Afghan province. This number indicates that out of 100 school-aged girls 6.15 go to school. While this kind of number may invite reflections on its epistemic accuracy, more often it draws attention to its inherent negative — the girls that do not go to school — substantiating a need for sustained international commitment. As this article will show, numbers work to establish girls as research entities, as part of populations, and as a concern for the Afghan government and the international intervention. This interfacing work of numbers — between girls, states, interventions, and research protocols — is often absent from academic work that takes numbers to be stable and passive tools with which the world can be known. This article, instead, takes numbers to have an internally complex multiplicity and to actively engage with their environments. In this article, I use the interface between numbers and environment as a space for ethnographic exploration of world-making. By describing three moments in the lifecycle of the number — data cleaning, analysis and presentation — I describe three distinct moments of interfacing in which the number comes to act in three capacities: effecting reference, constituting proportional comparison, and evoking doubt and certainty. Detailed understanding of numbering practices provides an opportunity to not just critically assess numbers as end products but to carefully assess the worlds that emerge alongside numbering practices and the ways in which numbers contribute in processes of governance.
Keywords: numbers, referentiality, percentage, proportionality, certainty, doubt, Afghanistan
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Escaping Numbers?: Intimate Accounting and the challenge to numbers in Australia’s ‘Education Revolution’
Radhika Gorur
Recent decades have seen a significant rise in the use of numeric evidence in education policy and governance. Using the case of the Education Revolution in Australia, this paper explores the processes by which both ‘distant accounting’ and ‘intimate accounting’ were made possible by new national assessments and a public website which published comparative information about schools’ performance on these assessments. Building on concepts proposed by Kristin Asdal (2011) on intimate actions in accounting, the paper elaborates how Australian regulating authorities created new intimacies by compelling schools to reveal details they might have preferred to keep private. Parents, and the public in general, came to be seen as deserving of such intimate information, and as capable of using such information appropriately. The resulting ‘informed publics’ then played a significant role in the productions of authority and non-authority. Various efforts unfolded to challenge the authority of numbers and to escape being governed by them, by subverting the efforts of quantification and refusing the numbers that were produced. Tracing the story of the Education Revolution affords an opportunity to elaborate the processes of ‘accounting intimacy’ suggested by Asdal (2011) and to examine the relationship between ‘the production of non-authority’ that she described, the production of ‘non-calculation’ suggested by Callon and Law (2005), and the concept of ‘informed publics’ conceptualised by Callon et al. (2009). The paper proposes that ‘distant’ and ‘intimate’ forms of accounting are not mutually exclusive, but can operate simultaneously and even reinforce each other, and it describes how this was achieved in the Education Revolution.
Keywords: sociology of numbers, education policy, accountability, informed publics, escaping numbers
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Respect for Numbers: Lively Forms and Accountable Engaging in Multiple Registers of STS
Catelijne Coopmans
This paper explores an episode of numbers appearing on a screen and being read/spoken, looked at and received as numbers, by people who work together to achieve a particular goal. The events happened in Singapore, in 2012-2013, as part of periodic reporting on diabetic retinopathy screening in the context of efforts to innovate such screening. I tell of two parties at odds over how to engage numbers accountably. This question of ‘engagement’, of what can and should be done with numbers to secure their participation in organizational affairs, is worked out in how numerical forms are performed and sustained as working numbers. Using three STS analytics to analyse the episode – Helen Verran’s (2001) work on number as a relation of unity/plurality, John Law’s (1994) work on modes of ordering, and Steve Woolgar and Daniel Neyland’s (2013) work on mundaneity and accountability – I argue that numbers are brought to life in very different ways, each mobilizing a certain recognition of what numbers are and what it takes to respect this. In the conclusion, I comment on the article’s use and juxtaposition of these STS analytics, using the metaphor of a kaleidoscope.
Keywords: numbers, accountability, engagement, symmetry, STS Theory
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Previous Issues: Science & Technology Studies:

Volume 31 (3) 2018

  • Zdeněk Konopásek, Linda Soneryd, Karel Svačina
    Lost in Translation: Czech Dialogues by Swedish Design
  • Laura Maxim
    More than a Scientific Movement: Socio-Political Influences on Green Chemistry Research in the United States and France
  • Sian Sullivan
    Making Nature Investable: from Legibility to Leverageability in Fabricating ‘Nature’ as ‘Natural Capital’

Volume 31 (2) 2018

  • Oscar Javier Maldonado Castañeda
    Making HPV Vaccines Efficient: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and the Economic Assemblage of Healthcare in Colombia
  • Tanja Winther & Sandra Bell
    Domesticating In Home Displays in Selected British and Norwegian Households
  • Gisle Solbu
    The Physiology of Imagined Publics: From a Deficit to an Ambivalence Model

Volume 31 (1) 2018

  • Mathias Wullum Nielsen
    Scientific Performance Assessments Through a Gender Lens: a Case Study on Evaluation and Selection Practices in Academia
  • Mark B. Brown
    Speaking for Nature: Hobbes, Latour, and the Democratic Representation of Nonhumans
  • Matthijs Kouw & Arthur Petersen
    Diplomacy in Action: Latourian Politics and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Volume 30 (4) 2017 | Special Issue: STS and Global Health

  • Salla Sariola, Nora Engel, Patricia Kingori & Catherine M. Montgomery
    Guest editorial: Special Issue: STS and Global Health
  • Meike Wolf
    Knowing Pandemics: An Investigation into the Enactment of Pandemic Influenza Preparedness in Urban Environments
  • Catherine M. Montgomery
    Clinical Trials and the Drive to Material Standardisation: ‘Extending the Rails’ or Reinventing the Wheel?
  • Annette-Carina van der Zaag
    Imaginings of Empowerment and the Biomedical Production of Bodies: the Story of Nonoxynol-9

Volume 30 (3) 2017

  • Catherine M. Montgomery, Patricia Kingori, Salla Sariola & Nora Engel
    Guest editorial: Critique and complicity: STS and Global Health
  • Rachel Douglas-Jones
    Making Room for Ethics: Spaces, Surveys and Standards in the Asia-Pacific Region
  • Alex Faulkner
    Bioinformatics Imaginaries in the Engine-Room of Genomic Health Policy: Integration and Heterogeneity in India and the UK
  • Nora Engel, Vijayashree Yellappa, Nitika Pant Pai & Madhukar Pai
    Diagnosing at Point of Care in South India: Coordination Work and Frictions

Volume 30 (2) 2017

  • Norma Möllers
    The Mundane Politics of ‘Security Research’ : Tailoring Research Problems
  • Pia Vuolanto
    The Universities’ Transformation Thesis Revisited : A Case Study of the Relationship Between Nursing Science and Society
  • Manuela Fernandez Pinto
    To Know or Better Not to : Agnotology and the Social Construction of Ignorance in Commercially Driven Research

Volume 30 (1) 2017

  • Irina Papazu
    Nearshore Wind Resistance on Denmark’s Renewable Energy Island: Not Another NIMBY Story
  • Aaro Mikael Tupasela, Karoliina Snell, Jose A. Canada
    Rethinking Therapeutic Misconception in Biobanking – Ambivalence Between Research and Treatment
  • Oliver Dimbath, Stefan Böschen
    Forms of Articulating Epistemic Critique: the Necessity and Virtue of Internal Skepticism in Academia

Volume 29 (4) 2016

  • Samuel Goëta & Tim Davies
    The Daily Shaping of State Transparency: Standards, Machine-Readability and the Configuration of Open Government Data Policies
  • Ayelet Shavit & Yael Silver
    Rethinking Therapeutic Misconception in Biobanking – Ambivalence Between Research and Treatment
  • Dagny Stuedahl, Mari Runardotter & Christina Mörtberg
    Attachments to Participatory Digital Infrastructures in the Cultural Heritage Sector

Volume 29 (3) 2016

  • Yu-Wei Lin, Jo Bates, & Paula Goodale
    Co-Observing the Weather, Co-Predicting the Climate: Human Factors in Building Infrastructures for Crowdsourced Data
  • Kirk Jalbert
    Building Knowledge Infrastructures for Empowerment: A Study of Grassroots Water Monitoring Networks in the Marcellus Shale
  • Celine Granjou & Jeremy Walker
    Promises that Matter: Reconfiguring Ecology in the Ecotrons
  • Marcello Aspria, Marleen de Mul, Samantha Adams, & Roland Bal
    Of Blooming Flowers and Multiple Sockets: The Role of Metaphors in the Politics of Infrastructural Work

Volume 29 (2) 2016

  • Masato Fukushima
    Value Oscillation in Knowledge Infrastructure: Observing its Dynamic in Japan’s Drug Discovery Pipeline
  • Peter Taber
    Taxonomic Government: Ecuador’s National Herbarium and the Institution of Biodiversity, 1986-1996
  • Éric Dagiral & Ashveen Peerbaye
    Making Knowledge in Boundary Infrastructures: Inside and Beyond a Database for Rare Diseases
  • Kalpana Shankar, Kristin R. Eschenfelder & Greg Downey
    Studying the History of Social Science Data Archives as Knowledge Infrastructure

Volume 29 (1) 2016

  • Sally Wyatt, Anna Harris, & Susan E. Kelly
    Controversy goes online: Schizophrenia genetics on Wikipedia
  • Elena Parmiggiani & Eric Monteiro
    A measure of ‘environmental happiness’: Infrastructuring environmental risk in oil and gas offshore operations
  • Angie M. Boyce
    Outbreaks and the management of ‘second-order friction’: Repurposing materials and data from the health care and food systems for public health surveillance

Volume 28 (3) 2015

  • Andrew S Balmer, Jane Calvert, Claire Marris, Susan Molyneux-Hodgson, Emma Frow, Matthew Kearnes, Kate Bulpin, Pablo Schyfter, Adrian Mackenzie & Paul Martin
    Taking Roles in Interdisciplinary Collaborations: Reflections on Working in Post-ELSI Spaces in the UK Synthetic Biology Community
  • Ellis P Judson, Sandra Bell, Harriet Bulkeley, Gareth Powells & Stephen Lyon
    The Co-Construction of Energy Provision and Everyday Practice: Integrating Heat Pumps in Social Housing in England
  • Sophie Nyborg:
    Pilot Users and Their Families: Inventing Flexible Practices in the Smart Grid
  • Monika Kurath
    Architecture as a Science: Boundary Work and the Demarcation of Design Knowledge from Research
  • Saana Jukola:
    Meta-Analysis, Ideals of Objectivity, and the Reliability of Medical Knowledge

Volume 28 (2) 2015

  • Michael Morrison
    STS and Enhancement Technologies: A Programme for Future Research
  • Karen Dam Nielsen
    Involving Patients with E-health: The Dialogic Dynamics of Information Filtration Work
  • Shai Mulinari, Tora Holmberg and Malin Ideland
    Money, Money, Money? Politico-Moral Discourses of Stem Cell Research in a Grant Allocation Process
  • Sven Braun, Michael Friedewald and Govert Valkenburg
    Civilizing Drones: Military Discourses Going Civil?

Volume 28 (1) 2015

  • Guest Editorial
    Robin Williams, Sonia Liff and Mark Winskel
    The Politics of Innovation for Environmental Sustainability: Celebrating the Contribution of Stewart Russell (1955–2011): Second Part
  • Knut H. Sørensen
    From ‘Alternative’ to ‘Advanced’: Mainstreaming of Sustainable Technologies
  • Graham Spinardi and Rebecca Slayton
    Greener Aviation Take-off (Delayed): Analysing Environmental Transitions with the Multi-Level Perspective
  • Kean Birch and Kirby Calvert
    Rethinking ‘Drop-in’ Biofuels: On the Political Materialities of Bioenergy
  • Christian Clausen and Wendy Gunn
    From the Social Shaping of Technology to the Staging of Temporary Spaces of Innovation – A Case of Participatory Innovation

Volume 27 (3) 2014

  • Guest Editorial
    Robin Williams, Sonia Liff, Mark Winskel and Fred Steward
    The Politics of Innovation for Environmental Sustainability: Celebrating the Contribution of Stewart Russell (1955–2011)
  • Matthias Weber
    The Success and Failure of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) in the UK, Germany and the Netherlands: Revisiting Stewart Russell’s Perspective on Technology Choices in Society
  • Janette Webb
    Evaluating Urban Energy Systems in the UK – the Implications for Financing Heat Networks
  • David J C Hawkey
    District Heating in the UK: Prospects for a Third National Programme
  • Original article
  • Sarah R Davies
    Knowing and Loving: Public Engagement beyond Discourse

Volume 27 (2) 2014

  • Guest Editorial
    Antti Silvast, Hannu Hänninen and Sampsa Hyysalo
    Energy in Society. Energy Systems and Infrastructures in Society: Concluding Issue 3 of 3
  • Arthur Jobert and Claire Le Renard
    Framing Prototypes: The Fast Breeder Reactor in France (1950s–1990s)
  • Vincent F Ialenti
    Adjudicating Deep Time: Revisiting the United States’ High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository Project at Yucca Mountain
  • Ana Delicado, Luís Junqueira, Susana Fonseca, Mónica Truninger, Luís Silva, Ana Horta and Elisabete Figueiredo
    Not in Anyone’s Backyard? Civil Society Attitudes towards Wind Power at the National and Local Levels in Portugal
  • Jenny Palm and Sarah J Darby
    The Meanings of Practices for Energy Consumption – a Comparison of Homes and Workplaces
  • Antti Silvast and Mikko J Virtanen
    Keeping Systems at Work: Electricity Infrastructure from Control Rooms to Household Practices

Volume 27 (1) 2014

  • Guest Editorial
    Antti Silvast, Hannu Hänninen and Sampsa Hyysalo: Energy in Society: Energy Systems and Infrastructures in Society: Part 2 of 3
  • Mark Winskel and Jonathan Radcliffe: The Rise of Accelerated Energy Innovation and its Implications for Sustainable Innovation Studies: A UK Perspective
  • Gerhard Fuchs: The Governance of Innovations in the Energy Sector: Between Adaptation and Exploration
  • Heli Nissilä, Tea Lempiälä and Raimo Lovio: Constructing Expectations for Solar Technology over Multiple Field-configuring Events: A Narrative Perspective
  • Mikko Jalas, Helka Kuusi and Eva Heiskanen: Self-building Courses of Solar Heat Collectors as Sources of Consumer Empowerment and Local Embedding of Sustainable Energy Technology
  • Yael Parag: From Energy Security to the Security of Energy Services: Shortcomings of Traditional Supply-Oriented Approaches and the Contribution of a Socio Technical and User-Oriented Perspectives

Volume 26 (3) 2013

  • Guest Editorial
    Antti Silvast, Hannu Hänninen and Sampsa Hyysalo: Energy in Society: Energy Systems and Infrastructures in Society
  • Les Levidow, Theo Papaioannou and Alexander Borda-Rodriguez: Innovation Priorities for UK Bioenergy: Technological Expectations within Path Dependence
  • Armi Temmes, Rami-Samuli Räsänen, Jenny Rinkinen and Raimo Lovio: The Emergence of Niche Protection through Policies: The Case of Electric Vehicles Field in Finland
  • Mads Dahl Gjefsen: Carbon Cultures: Technology Planning for Energy and Climate in the US and EU
  • Lea Schick and Brit Ross Winthereik: Innovating Relations – or Why Smart Grid is not too Complex for the Public
  • James Mittra: Repairing the ‘Broken Middle’ of the Health Innovation Pathway: Exploring Diverse Practitioner Perspectives on the Emergence and Role of ‘Translational Medicine’

Volume 26 (2) 2013

  • Editorial
  • Pernille Bjørn and Randi Markussen: Cyborg Heart: The Affective Apparatus of Bodily Production of ICD Patients
  • Attila Bruni and Carlo Rizzi: Looking for Data in Diabetes Healthcare: Patient 2.0 and the Re-engineering of Clinical Encounters
  • Henriette Langstrup, Louise Bagger Iversen, Signe Vind and Thomas Lunn Erstad: The Virtual Clinical Encounter: Emplacing Patient 2.0 in Emerging Care Infrastructures
  • Annegrete Juul Nielsen and Casper Bruun Jensen: Travelling Frictions: Global Disease Self-Management, Local Comparisons and Emergent Patients
  • Jeannette Pols: The Patient 2.Many: About Diseases that Remain and the Different Forms of Knowledge to Live with them

Volume 26 (1) 2013

  • Editorial
  • Anders Blok: Urban Green Assemblages: An ANT View on Sustainable City Building Projects
  • Sampsa Hyysalo, Jouni K. Juntunen and Stephanie Freeman: Internet Forums and the Rise of the Inventive Energy User
  • Torun Granstrom Ekeland and Britt Kramvig: Negotiating Terrains: Stories from the Making of “Siida”
  • Kai Eriksson: Innovation and the Vocabulary of Governance
  • Adrijana Šuljok and Marija Brajdić Vuković: How the Croatian Daily Press Presents Science News

Volume 25 (2) 2012

  • Editorial
  • Céline Granjou and Isabelle Mauz: Expert Activities as Part of Research Work: The Example of Biodiversity Studies
  • Séverine Louvel: The ‘Industrialization’ of Doctoral Training? A Study of the Experiences of Doctoral Students and Supervisors in the French Life Sciences
  • Ericka Johnson and Cecilia Åsberg: Enrolling Men, their Doctors, and Partners: Individual and Collective Responses to Erectile Dysfunction
  • Sarah Parry, Wendy Faulkner, Sarah Cunningham-Burley and Nicola J. Marks: Heterogeneous Agendas around Public Engagement in Stem Cell Research: The Case for Maintaining Plasticity

 


These issues are now available on an open access basis from the journal’s own website at www.sciencetechnologystudies.org

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