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Message posted on 23/04/2019

New Report Released "Towards More Effective Education: Emergence of STEM Education in India"

Towards More Effective Education: Emergence of STEM Education in India. VIF
Task Force Report.
by Vivekananda International Foundation, New Delhi, 2019.

About the Report/ Foreword
Science and innovation have been long-embedded in India's civilisation and
culture. Today, they are playing an important role in shaping the country's
future in an increasingly globalised world. The current pace of
technological change across the world is unprecedented and is opening up
new ways of manufacturing and creating knowledge and innovations. This
creates huge opportunities for economic growth and social benefits for
India's large population. However, to achieve these benefits, India needs
to develop and grow human expertise in the inter-related fields of Science,
Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics – STEM.
For the vast Indian population, which is at the cusp of rapid
socio-economic transition, it is paramount to develop people's skills so
that they can be meaningfully employed in specialised STEM sectors. STEM
impacts on almost all employment types and careers and affects society at
large. It is thus important that every individual in the society is able to
develop the understanding of STEM and to fully engage with it. Apart from
employment generation, the future advances in science and technology will
also be essential to combating the greatest social and environmental
challenges we face, and suitably qualified experts are required to tackle
In this context, the VIF had set-up a Task Force under the chairmanship of
Prof. K.K. Aggarwal, Former Vice Chancellor, GGS Indraprastha University,
New Delhi to examine the issues relating to STEM education in India. The
report identifies the main issues involved in STEM education; provides
guidance on how the industry can contribute to science education; and
proposes a new framework for all types of science education from formal, to
non-formal and informal approaches. It lays down the 21st-century vision on
how best to equip Indian youth with the necessary skills through STEM
education and foster the country's long-term economic growth and
The experts offer several important recommendations and among other, the
need to start the integrated B.Tech programmes which will align not only
spur innovation and creativity in students but also serve requirement in
India's growing small-scale industrial sector. The experts rightly identify
the need to bring scientific temper to translate Indian society's strength
of 'Jugad Culture' into 'Culture of Innovation'. For young people aspiring
careers in STEM, the report identifies the need to bring emerging
technologies and markets closer to the classroom, and also to fire the
imagination of young children through innovative learning. This is mainly
so keeping in mind the workforce requirements for future markets and
innovative industries in India.
The VIF is pleased to publish the work of experts who have compiled this
report and made a substantive contribution to the STEM education thinking
within India.
Dr Arvind Gupta, Director, VIF

Table of Content

Chapter 1: Higher Education in India – Developments, Status and Challenges
Chapter 2: STEM Education in India – Status Report and Perspective
Chapter 3: Creativity and STEM Education – A Strong Interdependence
Chapter 4: Leveraging ICT for STEM Education
Chapter 5: STEM Education in USA and China – A Case Study
Chapter 6: Emerging STEM Domains and New Job Opportunities
Chapter 7: Some More Suggestions
Summary of Recommendations

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Download Full-text PDF (Open Access)

Video of the Report Release Event

Dr. Anup Kumar Das
Centre for Studies in Science Policy
School of Social Sciences
Jawaharlal Nehru University
New Delhi - 110067, India
Twitter: @AannuuppK | @IndiaSTS
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